As of December 11th, Google/Blogger no longer works with Windows Live Writer 2012. This isn't Google's fault; they had extended support for Windows Live Writer for many months before shutting it down. Microsoft simply has failed to update their software. The good news is that Windows Live Writer has been open sourced; Open Live Writer. The devs with Open Live Writer are actively working on fixing this issue, and many others. You'll have to edit your Blogger/pages manually/online until Open Live Writer updates. Visit the Open Live Writer page and show your support for the new open source effort.
Ever since Google started using two-step authentication, and people started using it, people using Windows Live Writer and Blogger have been running into problems with authentication. The base problem being that their normal Google email address and password are not working with Windows Live Writer.
Sadly, if you go to the Windows Live Writer support forum, the Microsoft technical support reps simply orientate you in the direction of Google. This always kind of makes me irritated. Microsoft knows what the problem is, and they know how to fix the problem.
People are coming to them with problems having to do with their software. They could take the time to explain what the problem is and then try to point them to the appropriate knowledge base support forum or something, but they blindly point people in the direction of Google and give them best wishes in fixing the problem. I think that's poor support.
Microsoft has finally got off their laurels and brought some organization to the support forums. As anybody knows that has visited the ' Windows live' support forms before, there was a dedicated support forum just for Windows Live Writer, but then Microsoft discontinued the ' Windows live' brand of products. So they transitioned all the support forums from that brand over to the answers.Microsoft.com to be more in line with everything else they offer.
Transitioning everything over to the new support form was the right thing to do, but what they didn't do was create a specific category for the ' Windows live' products, they simply through them into ' outlook.com, sky Drive' category.
In a feat of complete laziness, Microsoft didn't even bother to give products to own category for support. So questions for Windows Live Writer were mixed in with questions with the new Outlook.com; which is stupid.